The good and bad news about life full time with trailers

I have good and bad news about life full time in trailers. It has been two years and four months since we settled in our Big Foot trailer along the banks of the Missouri River, and during this time we experienced an adventurous journey that we would not trade for anything; but there is good news and bad news about life in full time RV.

If you are already living this fantastic life of freedom, your experiences will surely be parallel to the good and bad news I share about full-time trailer life, and you may have ideas for sharing something I missed.

But if you're still at the starting gate, ready to break out of the old to the new … and wonder and worry about that lifestyle simultaneously … the good and the bad news to follow about RV life full time will persuade you to make the leap or make you rethink your plans.

The good news: Simplifying your life with downsizing will be one of the most liberating experiences of your life. Getting rid of all the "stuff" that fills every room, closet, drawer, and garage will look like you've lost 100 pounds, as if you were being lifted as easily as a balloon on a windy day.

The bad news: Now that you have downsized and everything fits in with your trailer, mall shopping loses its appeal. You will no longer look for more "things" to decorate the walls of your home, more "tools and utensils" to fill your garage, more plates and clothes and shoes to fill cabinets and cupboards.

You will quickly learn that buying something new requires removing something you already own because your living space is limited. If you are a "keeper" of sentimental things, you will have to let go. Aunt Martha's tea set will have to find a new home to make room for what is needed for full-time living in the trailer.

The good news: Your social circle will expand! Getting into a campground is like pulling a chair on a dear friend's porch. Full-time RV life takes you into a new environment where everyone is happy to see you, welcomes you and loves to share adventure and travel stories. It's a huge difference from the suburbs, where everyone is focused on the daily routine of going to work and keeping everything they have at a fast pace … as if they used blinders that prevented them from seeing and knowing their neighbors.

The bad news: If you are a loner and don't like being around people, avoid RVers. They invite you in with their welcome and invite you to sit down for a spell, pull up a camping chair, share a beer or iced tea, enjoy a grilled hamburger, and sit around the fire pit. It can be a life changing experience for you!

The good news: Full-time RV life gives you the magical opportunity to spend time with nature … see the beauty of this wonderful country, watch the glorious sunrise and sunset on beaches and canyons, sleep under the enormous expanse of stars. Capture the sights and sounds of coyotes and owls and frogs and whippoorwills.

The bad news: Nature will definitely be welcome in your living space … frogs, spiders, mice and mosquitoes will find their way into your trailer. Stepping on a barefoot frog in the dark is a rude awakening to your day! Forgetting that standing with the door open at dusk is an open invitation to a wild mosquito party that will find you in a night-striking frenzy!

The good news: Life in full-time RV brings creative ingenuity that you didn't know you had. Suddenly you are a master organizer, a handyman, and a designer and creative engineer, while finding ways to make everything work smoothly … you become as resourceful as a survivor in nature. If your hot water heater goes out, the Bunn coffee maker will become an instant source of heated water for washing dishes. In addition, your broadly expanded social circle (RVers in camp or online) graciously shares advice and tricks for any issues you are trying to correct.

The bad news: If you are not a mechanic, you will need to find a good RV specialist to solve the problems that arise when you start living full time. How nice that our local guy's name is James Bond! He is our prosecutor when something is not working well because we are the mechanically challenged ones – capable of holding a hammer, a screwdriver and pliers; able to connect water hose and sewage and propane tanks … but have no idea pipes, circuits, gaskets and fittings under the hood and inside the trailer.

The good news: Every day is a new adventure when you embrace full-time life in the trailer. The open path is your canvas and you can paint any landscape you wish. Full-time RVers come in all shapes and sizes … some travel constantly, others follow the good weather, others calm down and train or volunteer for months on end. The colorful variety of the full-time RVing lifestyle creates a beautiful masterpiece.

The bad news: If you are not flexible, you will be frustrated. With full-time life in RV, as in life, if you can't adapt, change, and accept things, you'll be full of irritation. If something doesn't work out … if something breaks and causes a deviation and delay in your plans … flexibility is needed. Learning to keep up with the flow of life on the road, seeing every problem – big or small – as an opportunity for a new experience, is necessary for this life of freedom.

This is my list of good and bad news about life in full-time RV.

Experienced RVers will surely have much more to add to the list. That's what we get after 2 and a half years of life in our camper truck. As I said at the beginning, I would not trade this lifestyle for any three bedroom mansion, house or apartment.

If you dream of living a life of freedom …

If traveling anywhere and anywhere is a constant attraction in your heart …

If your eyes shine like a child at ToysRUs when you see hundreds of trailers in a sales lot …

If passing an RV on the road arouses a desire to change places with the driver …

The good and bad news about full-time RV life shared here will help you decide if this lifestyle is right for you.

Source by Trisha Barnes

USS Kittiwake, From Underwater Rescue to Submerged

The USS Kittiwake (ASR-13) was launched on July 10, 1945 in Savannah Georgia. After commissioning in July 1946, it served as an underwater rescue ship. Submarine sea trials and maneuvers drove Kittiwake up and down the US east coast and across the Caribbean. Submariners were reassured knowing that the divers at Kittiwake above would rescue them if a problem arose.

The name Kittiwake comes from gulls that live along the cost of North America that look a lot like common gulls. Based in Balboa, Kittiwake has spent many years in the Caribbean.

Kittiwake divers recovered practice torpedoes during sea trials. The ship sometimes raced as a practice target for the submarines she served. When the Missouri battleship ran aground on the shores of the Virginia coast in 1950, Kittiwake divers came with rescue gear to set it free.

In 1960, Kittiwake was on hand while the George Washington submarine successfully launched the first two Polaris ballistic missiles ever launched at the bottom of the sea.

In 1961, Kittiwake sailed to the Mediterranean for several months of service before returning to its home port of Virginia. Throughout her service, she made more trips across the Atlantic to the Mediterranean and Europe.

Cuban refugees off the coast of Key West, Florida, thanked Kittiwake for carrying them safely to shore while on holiday in 1963.

Kittiwake has done many interesting things during its years of service. At one point, she towed a US submarine to Scotland. The official reason given was for a group of scientists to study tile fish. Disguised underground, this mission covered the exchange of boxes used to monitor Soviet submarine activity whose location had been compromised by a spy. During the mission, a Russian spy ship trying to disguise itself as a fishing vessel appeared. An attack submarine backed by a fast American frigate soon emerged. The Russian spy ship quickly vacated the area.

While in the Mediterranean in 1966, Kittiwake helped locate and rescue the German submarine Hai (S-171), which sank in a gale.

The unsuccessful search for the USS Scorpion in 1968 brought Kittiwake to the Atlantic Ocean. Scorpion was the second US nuclear submarine lost at sea. Although the wreck has already been found, there is still controversy as to whether it sank due to attacks by a Soviet submarine or internal problems.

In April 1984, Kittiwake was found at Norfolk, Virginia, dock for maintenance and repair. While trying to get off the pier, Kittiwake tried to move forward and ended up in reverse. The more she tried to advance, the faster she reversed. The movement ceased as it collided with the USS Bergall attack submarine moored behind it. The main motor drive turned out to be improperly connected, causing the screw to turn backwards.

In 1986, Kittiwake rescued an F-15 from about 300 feet of water and retrieved the black box from the Challenger space shuttle disaster.

In 1994, Kittiwake was deactivated. She sat in the graveyard of deactivated ships for a while, until the Cayman Islands became interested. After years of negotiations, the Cayman Islands were able to buy Kittiwake, the first former US military ship sold to another country. A planned wreck for 2009 went wrong due to environmental concerns related to the possibility of banned chemicals in the sealant at some joints. It took until January 2011 before the ship was finally towed by sinking into the 7-mile beach and a new life as an artificial reef. The Kittiwakes sank vertically and rested on the sandy bottom of the ocean. After spending so much time watching submarines in the Caribbean, it seems appropriate that the Kittiwakes find their final underwater dive site there.

The ship did not take long to settle before Hurricane Rina passed 160 kilometers from the Cayman Islands. Strong waves of hurricane winds pushed Kittiwake about 10 meters farther offshore than the original site of its sinking. An anchor chain has broken, and the ship is now seated at the three starboard anchors, sloping slightly to a side less than three feet deeper than in its original position.

The ship pushed enough sand into the underwater slide to create a sandbar now holding the hull more firmly in place. The ship is still in shallow water enough for a clear view of the high snorkelers and easy access for divers. It is now far enough away that snorkelers can no longer stand on deck with their heads out of the water, as they did at the original site.

The fish moved shortly after the original wreck, finding good places to hide and call home within the ship's structure. Algae cover the once white ship. As the years go by, more marine life clings to the hull until, over time, it becomes a new reef, changing the view of a sunken ship to a multitude of marine life.

A variety of operators on Grand Cayman take divers and snorkelers to Kittiwake. They know the rules about mandatory fees and time limits; therefore, guests on organized tours need not worry. Cruise lines like Carnival also offer Kittiwake snorkeling trips between their shore excursions to Grand Cayman.

Source by Lois Beath

Pick 3 lotteries and pick 4 traveling lotteries can make players winners

There are millions of Pick 3 and Pick 4 Lottery players in the United States and Canada. They play these two lottery games because they can win with them. The Pick 3 lottery has a 1,000-1 chance to capture a direct win. The Pick 4 lottery with this digit added has a 10,000 to 1 chance.

Compared to the highly advertised Mega Millions, Powerball and State Lottery, with their very attractive multi-million dollar jackpots and odds ranging from 125 to 1 to 195 to 1 million that few people can win without the help of Lady Luck, Pick 3 and Pick 4. Lotteries is the choice of all these smart lottery players.

Its relatively small comparative jackpots of $ 500 for the Pick 3 lottery and $ 5000 for the Pick 4 lottery with the same $ 1 investment can keep players playing and having fun at the same time. These millions of lottery players play their chosen numbers every day and then follow their daily work routines, family responsibilities and leisure activities before retiring for night sleep.

The next morning, they start the day by opening the USA Today or local newspaper, hoping to start the day by reading that their chosen numbers from Pick 3 or Pick 4 made them an overnight winner. There is a certain thrill when a lottery player starts his day proclaiming himself to the world as "a winner".

This should not overlook the fact that they are a bit richer than the day before at $ 500 or $ 5000 with a direct win respectively. Even a smaller Box Win, which ranges from $ 40 to $ 600, can provide the same kind of excitement. A winner is a winner is a winner. And it's always fun to decide what to do with this new free extra money when players exchange their winning tickets.

But as players scroll through the list of winning results from Picks 3 and 4 winners of different state and provincial draws from USA Today or the local newspaper, they make an incredible discovery about some of these lottery winning numbers.

Pick 3 and Pick 4 lotteries drawn the same three or four digits. They may not be in the same order, but sometimes they are. Sometimes they appear the same day and sometimes appear the next day or even a few days later.

On May 1, 2011, Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont Pick 3 allotted 353 in the Tri-State Noon Draw. The following day, the New Jersey Pick 3 noon draw drew the same number as Pick 3, 353. On May 2, 2011, it also recorded the Tennessee Cash 3 noon draw of 353. Later that day day at the California Daily 3 draw on May 2, 2011 335 was the winning number for Pick 3.

The 274 began as consecutive winners, repeating themselves at the May 10, 2011, noon and night draws at the South Carolina Pick 3 Lottery. On May 12, 2011, the Virginia Pick 3 drew 742. The Minnesota Pick 3, in his same-day draw, drew 247. In the only draw with only night drawings, the following day, May 13, 2011 The Washington State Daily Gaming Lottery drew 274, and on May 14, 2011, the Kansas Pick 3 lottery tied 472.

These are known as "travel numbers". Some players of Picks 3 and 4 are not aware of their existence. Some players saw these occurrences but did not know what to do with them or what to call. Choose numbers 3 and / or 4 that contain the same digits and are drawn and redrawn in different state or provincial lotteries for a short time, known as "travel numbers".

Pick 4 players find similar occurrences when searching for their winning numbers. As of May 8, 2011, the Michigan Daily 4's night number was 8269. The next day, on May 9, 2011, the Indiana Daily 4's noon draw number was 8926. These Pick 4 digits place their travel shoes again and on May 12, 2011, in the evening giveaway reached the Maryland Pick 4 lottery as 2869. The following day, May 13, 2011, those four digits appeared in the Pick noon giveaway 4 from New Jersey as 8629, before returning to Michigan Daily 4 the same night as 9286.

Neighbor Number 4, 3968, began his travels on May 10, 2011 at the Michigan Daily 4 in the evening draw. On May 12, 2011, the Ohio Pick 4 Lottery noon draw appeared as 8963. On May 15, 2011, the Virginia Pick 4 noon draw was drawn as 8639. Later that day That same night, on Delaware Play 4, it appeared as 3986.

As players see above, these travel numbers like to visit neighboring states. In the Pick 4 draw of the Illinois and Iowa Night on May 8, 2011, the 2798 was drawn. At the following night's draw on May 9, 2011, the Missouri Pick 4 lottery received the same reed number 4, 2798, in the exact same order.

Pick # 3 and # 4 travel numbers can make lottery players winners when they know of their existence and possible visit, especially from neighboring states or provinces. Using a proven Pick 3 and / or Pick 4 lottery system, which helps players discover the possibility of repeating these three or four digits, increases their chances of winning tremendously.

Source by Robert Walsh

Construction Zone Traffic Law and Ticket Types

During the summer months, construction zones can make car travel a hassle. Building zones not only increase your travel time, but you also need to slow down to pass through them, but they can also create traffic jams in normally uncrowded areas.

Although inconvenient, building traffic is necessary to keep the highways in proper condition. While it can be frustrating to travel through construction zones, it is important to follow traffic laws as it protects other drivers and construction workers.

Distracted Driving Laws

Distracted driving laws vary from state to state, and when traveling through multiple states, it is important to know and understand the laws in neighboring states.

One of the biggest culprits for distracted driving is the use of the cell phone. In many states, cell phone use is illegal when driving. Even though a state cannot prohibit cell phone use in normal areas, building zones often have additional restrictions on cell phone use to reduce the likelihood of distracted driving.

Construction Zone Tickets

There are several types of tickets you can receive in construction zones, and the most common ticket is a speed ticket. Reducing speed limits for long stretches of road – and some poorly marked areas – makes it difficult to know where a construction zone begins or ends.

There are two main types of speed limit reduction in construction zones. The first is a real speed limit, with photo application and work zone reduction. This is a newer development that has hit work zones as states update their laws to use speed cameras and radar guns to capture high-speed drivers. This speed reduction is applied throughout the area even if workers are not present.

The second type of speed limit reduction is a stated limit that applies only when workers are present. There are usually flashing lights or indicators on speed limit signs that indicate when workers are present, which helps drivers know when to respect the speed limit. These limits may also be imposed, but it is more common for a policeman to be there to ensure that drivers follow the speed limit.

Handling a ticket

If you received a ticket on a desktop, you will be subject to a higher and higher penalty. You will probably also have to appear in court and you may receive a penalty for endangering drivers and workers.

Dealing with this type of ticket can be very difficult, and it is best to find someone who deals regularly with these situations. Find a lawyer who knows and understands the traffic laws specific to your area and let them work on your behalf.

Source by Rachel Mencel

When to perform a legal reversal

Making a wrong turn or following the wrong path while traveling is almost inevitable. However, knowing when it is cool to make a U-turn – a turn that results in a vehicle reversing its travel direction – can be a big challenge.

State laws

Most states have different rules and laws governing this type of shift, making it difficult to know when it is acceptable and when it is not acceptable to perform a reverse gear when traveling from state to state.

Insurance doesn't mean legal

Most people assume that unless it is stated or otherwise prohibited – for example, by a sign representing an illegal reversal symbol – performing a reverse in a safe and open part of a highway or Highway is cool as long as the vehicle around the corner Do not endanger anyone else on the road. Unfortunately, signs that explain the legality of performing a reverse in a given area are usually not prominently displayed, if any.

To make this law more complicated, states often have regulations that allow local governments to better define the legality of a reversal in their own city and county region.

Following the rules

Even if you knew the rules of a gear reversal for the state you pass while traveling, local police can pull you in and fine you for doing an illegal gear reversal for that city.

While knowing when to perform a U-turn can be challenging, following these guidelines will help reduce the likelihood of violating a U-turn law in the city.

1. Never reverse gear where a signal is placed in or around the area prohibiting reverse gear.

2. Do not reverse if you are at the top or bottom of a hill or when turning.

3. Be sure to look around and check for cops, and if you see one, try not to perform a U-turn, regardless of legality.

4. When in the middle of the block, do not reverse in urban / residential areas as this is dangerous for people in the area.

5. Finally, do not make a U-turn that would require you to pass a solid line on the road.

Of course, the easiest way to make sure you don't get a ticket would be to not perform a reverse gear. Getting off the road at the next possible exit, going around the block, making multiple turns, or redirecting your travel plans with a GPS or map system would ensure that you followed the laws wherever you were traveling.

Source by Rachel Mencel

Winter Holidays for Recreational Vehicles

Who can resist the big discounts offered by trailer dealers in late summer, when the new model year is being introduced? Discounts of a few thousand on a Fleetwood or Coleman trailer or tens of thousands of dollars on a Winnebago Class A can have a big impact on an individual's budget. But does the new purchase have to stay in the garage until spring? Never!

First things first though. Pull a chair out of this new unit and watch a book or video about safe operation before leaving for any destination. One possible option for this can be found on a series of DVDs offered by KOA (Kampgrounds of America) called RV Education 101. They are available on the company's website and cost about $ 25 each.

Then it is time to choose an appropriate destination.

Consider two things above all else: weather and terrain. The popup may have a heater, but may not be comfortable in the northern weather when frost settles on the screen. Similarly, the price of over $ 100,000 on the bus comes with beautiful upgrades and a lot of comforts. However, it will not be a good idea to drive it on many mountain roads in the National Parks system. Since you certainly don't want your vacation to turn into an accident waiting to happen.

For a first trip with the new trailer, find warm weather on level ground. Avoid traffic problems and hurricane evacuation. Play safely to get started. Here are some good places for a winter RV vacation:

Lake of Ozarks State Park; Kaiser, Missouri

the Buffalo National River Campgrounds; Arkansas

Hot Springs National Park; Arkansas

Elephant Butte Lake State Park; Elephant Butte, New Mexico

Eight of Arizona's nine KOA locations near parks are open for year round trailer camps

Source by Gail Leino

The Truth About Airplane Safety – Is Your Fear of Flying Justified?

Are you a little nervous about flying? Not convinced that airplanes are so safe? If so, you are not alone. Many people around the world are afraid of flying.

Many fearful airmen are willing to stifle their fears and board a plane when absolutely necessary, enduring the torment of raucous anxieties from takeoff to landing – and suffering increasing dread for days or weeks as the flight approaches.

Others simply refuse to fly, no matter the personal cost. Whether traveling for business or for fun, compromised careers or tense relationships with friends and family can result from losing the advantages of flying. But whatever the pain of staying on the ground, it's not enough to put this group on a plane.

Are you in one of these groups?

If you are a fearful passenger – be in the clench your teeth and catch the plane group or the it's not at all group – you may be thinking that you have many reasons to be afraid of. After all, whenever there is a plane crash, it is reported head on and centered on the news. When this happens, you will surely hear about it, fueling your fear of flying even more.

Consider the early years of this century. In that relatively short period of time, you were afraid of losing news coverage about incidents like these:

  • In February 2009, Continental Connection Flight 3407 crashed as it approached New York's Buffalo-Niagara International Airport. 50 people were killed.
  • In August 2006, Comair Flight 5191 crashed during takeoff from Kentucky Blue Grass Airport. 49 people were killed.
  • In October 2004, Corporate Airlines Flight 5966 crashed as it approached Missouri's Kirksville Regional Airport. 13 people were killed.
  • In January 2003, Air Midwest Flight 5481 crashed shortly after takeoff from North Carolina's Charlotte-Douglas International Airport. 21 people were killed.
  • In November 2001, American Airlines Flight 587 crashed shortly after takeoff from New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport. 265 people were killed.

All of these accidents occurred in the United States and, of course, additional accidents occurred in other parts of the world during this period.

If you are afraid of flying, you may be thinking, "See? That is Why don't I want to get on a plane! "So if you're avoiding flying because you feel it's not perfectly safe, you're absolutely right – flying it is not & # 39; perfectly & # 39; safe.

Oh, and here are some other activities you want to avoid, because they are the same. More dangerous – statistically speaking – than taking a plane flight:

  • Take a shower
  • Go outdoors (because you can die from bee sting)
  • Go outdoors (because you can die from lightning)
  • Go outdoors (because you can die of skin cancer from solar radiation)
  • Staying indoors (because you can die of lung cancer from internal pollutants like radon and mold)
  • Riding a car (or any other type of wheeled vehicle)
  • Eat (because you can die from food poisoning)
  • Do not eat (for obvious reasons!)
  • Cutting the grass
  • Using any product imported from China (just kidding … more or less)

Yes, I admit this list is a little ridiculous. But each of these activities is statistically more dangerous than taking a plane flight (except the last one … maybe). And the obvious point is that there are many, many activities that you engage in regularly and are far more dangerous than flying.

Air travel is continually becoming safer, but recent statistics show that 1 fatal accident occurs on approximately 8 million flights from major US carriers. Put another way, you would need to take one flight a day, every day, for more than 21,000 years before you are statistically likely to die in a plane crash.

Very good chances!

But it's really not about numbers, is it?

If you are afraid of flying, does reading above help? I would be willing to bet no. This is because the fears and phobias we are all victims of are rarely justified by facts, numbers and logic.

I happen to know someone who suffers from a phobic fear of snakes. But she has seen a snake in the wild maybe 3 or 4 times in her entire life. And on each of those rare occasions, you can be sure that the snake was much scarier than she was, terrified and simply wanting to get away from the furious, screaming human being as quickly as possible. This person extreme The fear of snakes is illogical and unjustified, but it doesn't matter. She feels what she feels.

And if you're afraid of flying phobia, I'm willing to assume you're not much different from my snake-fearing friend – except that getting on a plane is your snake. You probably to know that your fear is irrational and unjustified, but it doesn't really change things, does it? It doesn't change how you feel.

But if your fear of flying is affecting your life, you should know that you can change it. Many people have. And it's not just about learning facts, figures and statistics about flying. It's not as trivial and unrealistic as reading an article that shows how safe flying is, instantly flinging your fears.

It is about grasping your fears at the roots and eliminating them one by one, just as you would eliminate a garden. It's about learning to change your feelings instead of trying ignore they. That is How can you get rid of your fear of flying.

Source by Chris Clinton

Bottom Brule Popcorn

Nestled within 230,000 acres of the Lower Brule Sioux Indian Reservation in South Dakota, Kul Wicasa Oyate, between rolling hills of sage and fennel and the great bend of the Missouri River, lies the city of Lower Brule. Bison grazes and rolls in a nearby pasture. Golden Buffalo Casino attracts travelers with their luck. The Sioux Boys gas and convenience store is ready to cater for anyone driving along the long winding roads.

Between the casino and Missouri is an unpretentious building that, at first glance, can easily be mistaken for a common warehouse. But if the wind is good, you may smell a familiar smell that has made millions of salivary glands exceed the years; the smell of fresh popped popcorn.

Welcome to Lakota Foods, the world's only 100% Native American popcorn maker. An extension of Lower Brule Farm Corporation, which has been selling bulk popcorn worldwide for over thirty years, Lakota Foods is excelling in supermarkets, casinos, national parks and monuments and baseball stadiums, growing from three digits to four. years in a row.

"The strong bond between Native Americans and popcorn has at least as much cultural significance as buffalo," says Shain Heiss, president of Lakota Foods. Some Native Americans believed that a restless spirit resided within the nucleus. When agitated by the heat, it burst from a shell in a cloud of angry vapor.

Originated in what is now Mexico for thousands of years, popcorn spread throughout North America long before the arrival of the first Europeans. Small carbon spikes of maize from about 3600 BC were found in a cave in New Mexico, the corn so well preserved that some tested grains actually burst. Evidence points to the Cachise Indians growing popcorn in 2500 BC.

The historical methods of popping corn are almost as diverse as the grains themselves. The Iroquois threw the corn into clay pots heated with a layer of sand. The Winebago speared an oiled ear with a stick, warming it near the fire, the cracked grains sticking to the ear until eaten. The Papago Indians wore ollas, large clay pots, the design dating back to 1500 years.

Lakota Foods uses slightly more modern methods, however. Housed in a new 10,000-square-foot building, they can pack 3,000 bags of microwave popcorn per hour and clean and sift 50,000 pounds of hard grain a day.

So when the Lower Brule Sioux tribe was looking for solutions to lower the unemployment rate by 39 percent, popcorn was a natural response. Beyond the fertile Missouri River valley, there was a perfect setting for growing that 'prairie gold'.

Lakota Foods employs up to twenty-five tribe members in full-time and part-time positions. "The Lakota name on our packages creates a sense of pride for our employees and members of the Lower Brule Sioux tribe and for the great Lakota nation," says Heiss. "And, in a sense, it provides hope for other Native American tribes and Indian-owned businesses."

Source by Joel Arnold

What is a tourism broker and how to become a

A person who operates a tour company is a broker. A broker is an intermediary. Brokers buy or organize items or services and sell those items or services to the end buyer. Some examples of brokers are:

Independent insurance agents. These agents do not provide insurance; They provide insurance for you from an insurance company. Insurance agents usually receive a commission from an insurance company.

Stock brokers. As insurance agents, stock brokers help buy and sell stocks. They do not own the stock. These brokers also receive a commission based on the amount sold.

Realtor. Again, these brokers do not own the properties they sell and receive a commission based on the value of what they sell.

There are also tour agents. Tour brokers serve a variety of clients. This article is about what a tourism broker is and the basics of this business.

Here is a good description if what a tour is: A trip with visits to various places of interest for business, pleasure or instruction.

Here the trip is defined: To go from place to place, as in a trip; trip.

A ride, then, is not just travel, it is travel for the purpose of pleasure or interest. You can think of a tour as an extended trip aiming to see and experience an area. Travel, on the other hand, usually only involves moving from one place to another.

A tourism broker works with people on an ongoing basis. If you are going to be involved in this kind of business, I would like to work with people – you must be a people person.

Tour brokers are not travel agents. Travel agents organize the travel needs of their customers. Typically, a travel agent works only with individuals or small groups (families, for example). Travel agents also always buy something that is already in place (air travel, car rental, hotels etc.), they do not originate anything.

Tour brokers originate – they arrange tours, arrange transportation, arrange accommodation, arrange meals and arrange other services for their clients. A tourism broker plans what kind of tour he / she wants to operate.

Then the tourism broker arranges for the various components of the tour – transportation, food, lodging, attractions etc.

There are many types of tour companies. Some offer guided tours of a local area – visits to a city or attraction, for example. Some offer tours in a natural setting – guided tours of the Grand Canyon fall into this category. Some offer tours to various national and state parks. Some offer tours of a large area, a tour of several states is a good example.

If you like to travel – for free – this is a great deal to be with.

You may have to do inspections at the hotels and attractions that will be part of your tour. If you have been taught correctly, you will know how to get "comp" rooms and meals (free or short for short). If you are accompanying the tour, you should expect to get comps again. How to set it up so you get comps is something your mentor should teach.


As I mentioned before, this is a business of people. Enjoying working with people and enjoying problem solving is a prime requirement.

Since a church is a church because someone calls it a church, a tourism broker is a tourism broker because someone says it is a tourism broker. There is no requirement for a license. If you run a business, you may need to obtain a federal tax number and your county or city may require you to obtain a business license. As much as you need a license to become a tourism broker – no license is required. From the mid-1930s to the 1980s, transportation was strictly controlled by the Interstate Trade Commission (ICC). Under the 1982 Deregulation Act, competition was permitted and the need for federal authority became a thing of the past.

Depending on where you are, you may need some kind of business license. Call your local county office and request the office responsible for commercial licenses. This should be easy, because all they really want is for you to file some paperwork and pay a small fee.

If you are going to make money (and why else go into business?), You will need to get a federal tax number. This number is called the Tax Identification Number (TIN) and is used in business just as the Social Security number is used for benefits.

I looked at several websites that wanted to worry about becoming a tour operator. Most don't seem to understand what a tour operator is or does. Those who approach the concept offer to teach or provide links to sites that can prepare someone to be a tour guide. A tour guide is not a tour operator – at best, a tour guide works for a tour operator.

A tour operator runs his own business

It's that simple – you own and run the business. If you plan to make a profit, follow this rule – buy low, sell high. People tend to make things very difficult. You buy for one price and sell for another price, easy, right?

The real "trick" to making money in the tourism business is to understand this concept of a tie (BE). The break-even point is where you don't lose money and where you don't make money. To help you understand this idea, you need to understand that there are two types of costs in most companies – fixed and variable. A fixed cost is one that will occur if you have 10 clients or 46. Office rent is a fixed cost. You must pay the rent, regardless of whether or not to operate tours. A variable cost is a cost dependent on something else. An example of variable cost would be the cost of an attraction (theme park). If you have 20 clients, the total cost of attraction depends (variable) on the number of clients you have.

The lack of good information about this business has led me to believe that those in this business do not want competition or have time to write about how they run their business. A well thought out, properly advertised tour can generate thousands of revenue. For example, suppose you operate a seven-day bus ride. The tour sells for $ 985.00 (per person, double occupancy) and you have 36 people on your tour. The gross revenue from this tour will exceed $ 35,000, and you can retain at least $ 10,000 of this amount.


It is possible to get some serious money in this business – you can also lose money. Here are some basic requirements you must have before starting such a business.

Would you like to work with people

You shouldn't panic when things go from good to bad and even worse.

You should be able to organize things easily.

You must have at least a working knowledge of certain computer programs – word processing, spreadsheet, email.

You must have a copier and a fax machine.

You must have at least one phone

You must have at least one highly updated computer.

What kind of tours and what should I do next?

The world is your oyster

This is really the fun part – you can go anywhere! Successful brokers operate three-day tours from Denver to the nearby Rockies and seven-day tours to Branson, Missouri. Brokers on the east coast offer tours to New England and parts of eastern Canada, as well as longer tours to the American Southwest.

Seattle brokers do a good business by conducting visits to Mexico's Copper Canyon. Some brokers offer music tours, art exhibits, and short trips to New York City for Christmas shopping.

The choice is yours as long as you keep it reasonable. Going to Iraq now may not be the best choice, but there is one company in the United Kingdom offering and operating tours to Iraq – make sure your customers sign up for many disclosures stating that you are not guilty in the event of your death. Given the current state of the economy, it may be prudent to limit your offers to North America, but Costa Rica tours seem to sell very well.

To learn more about this exciting business, click here.

Source by Arthur Lincoln Elliott

The History of America's First Trans-Continental Railroad

With the benefit of 150 years of hindsight, we can recognize today that the completion of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1869 was of greater importance to the people of the United States, culturally, socially and economically, than the inauguration of the worldwide steamship service. the country. Atlantic or the laying of the Atlantic Ocean telegraph cable.

In an age of interstate highways and fast air travel, it is hard to imagine how isolated the most distant parts of the United States were from the oceans, even in the mid-nineteenth century. The most optimistic of our early presidents, Thomas Jefferson, referred to the "immense and trailless deserts" of the Louisiana Purchase. Explorer Zebulon Pike compared these lands to the "sandy wastes of Africa." Daniel Webster stated that the Wyoming Territory "is not worth a penny" and is "a region of savages, wild beasts, quicksand, dust swirls, cacti and prairie dogs."

Maps of North America in 1900, three decades after the launch of the New York-San Francisco railroad, showed 500,000 square miles menacingly labeled the "Great American Desert," a name invented 75 years earlier by a government inspector. This desert encompassed nearly one-sixth of the 45 states of the young American republic – along with the untamed territories of Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Arizona, lands admitted to the Union only after the turn of the twentieth century.

It was Jefferson who deserves credit for being the first to act to open a trade route between the eastern states and the Pacific. While he was in France in 1779 as United States Minister at Versailles, he asked John Ledyard to do a research for him, but Ledyard was unable to do it. Over the next seven decades, a distinctive line of nearsighted Americans sought to find a way to connect the American west with the American east, and their stories are preserved in a handful of excellent nineteenth-century stories.

The accounts of the creation of the Panama Canal and the forging of the transcontinental railroad were the top sellers in the Roosevelt and Taft administrations. No more. Unfortunately, we have forgotten this part of the American fairy tale. And it was with pleasure that I had a sense of the transformative nature of the tracks connecting the two coasts of the North American continent from William Francis Bailey. The History of the First Trans-Continental Railroad(Pittsburgh: 1906), The Pittsburgh Printing Company. I read the book on a Kindle, downloaded from Project Gutenberg. I also downloaded a facsimile copy of the book from the Internet Archive so I could see the text and "feel" the book.

This is a tale full of eccentric and visionary characters, including Asa Whitney, nicknamed "Father of the Pacific Railroad." He was an American merchant with extensive experience abroad, mainly in China. He proposed to Congress that the United States hand him a 90-kilometer-wide strip of land, the railroad to be his spine, from Lake Michigan to the Pacific coast. Whitney proposed using the resources from the "colonization" (his word) of this land harvest with European immigrants (to whom he would sell land alongside the railroad) to pay for the tracks, keeping all the remaining surplus for his private fortune. Whitney was indefatigable, traveling from Maine to the ends of the Missouri River at a time when visiting Missouri was like exploring the Nile.

Although the Senate Public Lands Committee approved Whitney's proposal in 1848, the bill "Authorizing Wing Whitney, his heirs or designees, to build a railroad from anywhere on Lake Michigan or the Mississippi River he so provided." designating, as nearly straight as possible, somewhere in the Pacific Ocean where a port was built "failed the entire Senate vote, mainly because it was considered, along with Whitney's $ 4,000 annual salary. , a deal just too rich for Whitney.

A Missouri senator objected to the measure that "it would give an empire larger than eight of the original states, with a sixty-mile ocean front, with hiring powers and sponsorships greater than the president of the United States." It was a fair criticism. Asa Whitney did not achieve her "empire". If Whitney succeeded in his plan, his "heirs and assigns" would now have more American areas than anyone other than the federal government itself. Congress later decided to undertake the railroad as a national enterprise, not as a private enterprise controlled by a single private citizen.

So what actually happened to connect both backs? What exactly do we mean by "Trans-Continental Railroad"? It first appears only as a dream in the minds of men like Abraham Lincoln and his predecessors, often referred to as the "land route to the Pacific Ocean" or "Pacific Railroad." At that time, it was a technological achievement as ambitious as the moon landing a century later. It required laying about 1,905 miles of contiguous runway, beginning in 1863 and continuing at a frenetic pace for six years, crowned by a ceremony at the Promontory Summit in Utah on May 10, 1869, a quasi-religious gathering in its intensity, in which the last one the spike (this one made of silver and prudently removed the same day for display at the railroad headquarters!) was struck in the final draw to unite the east with the west rails. Soon a locomotive could pull a long train from New York Harbor to San Francisco Harbor.

As cars began to move east and west, the country suddenly had fast, reliable, and inexpensive mechanized technology to move people and cargo anywhere in the country, with horse or car access from the new stations to along the railway route. The railroad "shrunk the nation" and enabled Horace Greeley and other philosophers of the day to reasonably suggest to claustrophobic Orientals that they "go west" to make a fortune. Before the railroad, this meant taking nine months or more in a mule cart to reach the Pacific. In the decades following the linking of the Atlantic and Pacific coasts by rail, distant and sparsely populated "territories" were admitted to the Union as new states, considerably increasing the size and prestige of America.

Bailey's narrative is graceful and informative. It would be difficult to overstate the significance of the transcontinental railroad as a technological feat and astute economic development, certainly surpassing the excavation of the Erie Canal in the 1820s and the creation of the spider's hammock crossing the east coast while the American west was still. considered "wild" and as unexplored as Central Africa.

It was a magnificent road to commerce and travel that led directly to the settlement and incorporation of California, Nevada, Oregon, Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming as states in the ever-growing American Republic.

Bailey's story is also concise, just 140 pages in the lovely Pittsburgh Press edition recreated in electronic form by Google. What I liked most about Bailey's writing was the sense of excitement he conveys about this amazing reinvention of America, similar to the excitement I felt myself as a teenager watching the moon missions unfold on CBS television.

This book should be read and reread not as a costly task, familiarizing us with an important chapter of American history, but simply because it is exciting and fun. It is a story that deserves to be renewed in our awareness of our country and the people who established it.

Source by Frank T Kryza