United States Geography

In speaking of the United States of America in a geographical sense, we refer to the US as part of the American continent and also of other territories. The US is located in the north of the Americas and also consists of Alaska, Hawaii, US Virgin Islands, Guam and Puerto Rico. Not all are found in continental America. Some like Hawaii, Guam, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands are, as the name implies, islands and do not come into contact with the continental US. However, they are governed more flexibly or more rigidly by the United States of America.

For example, the Community of Puerto Rico is US territory and is under United States jurisdiction, although it has its own government that comes with the separation of powers. The Community of Puerto Rico has a population of approximately 3,548,000 and the capital is San Juan.

Guam is another US territory that is situated in the Western Pacific Ocean. This territory is not incorporated in the US and has a civil form of government. Guam is considered a non-autonomous territory. The territory of Guam is made up of the largest Mariana Islands and is located in the south of this group of islands. The most important city of Guam is also its capital called Hagatna, Guam has a population of approximately 160,000 inhabitants.

The third territory discussed is actually a group of islands consisting of Saint Croix, Saint John, Saint Thomas and neighboring islands. The US Virgin Islands have a population of 106,405 and Charlotte Amalie's capital, the US Virgin Islands, is located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.

Hawaii is the newest state in the USA, with Honolulu as its capital. He joined the US in 1959 and is located in Oceania. It has a population of 1,419,561 and is the 41st state when measuring population.

There are also two smaller states that also represent the US territory: the Northern Mariana Islands Community and American Samoa.

The total US area is considered to be around 9,629,000 square kilometers. This makes the US the fourth country in the world by measuring the total area of ​​its territory and, with a population of about 318,900,000, is the third country in the world.

When talking about the continental US, we mention the entire 48 states, plus Alaska, which has the following borders: northern Canada and northwest Russia, southern Cuba and the Bahamas. The coastline consists of the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Washington is located in the district of Colombia and is the US capital. It has a population of 658,893 and is the 23rd largest US city, and is the US capital since 1791.

The US has a total of 50 states, each with a governor and different laws governing them, however, the United States of America is a federation and therefore a federal law governs all.

When considering the three largest states of the population, we refer to California (38,802,500), Texas (26,956,958) and Florida (19,893,297), while, on the other hand, the least populous territories are Northern Mariana Islands (53,883 ), American Samoa (55,519) and US Virgin Islands (106,405).

The largest US states when considering the area are Alaska (1,717,854 km2), Texas (696,621 km2) and California (423,970 km2). The smallest are Rhode Island (4,002 km2), Delaware (6,030 km2) and Connecticut (12,548 km2).

Alaska is the largest state in the USA when the land area is considered; It was purchased from the Russian Empire in 1867 for a total of $ 7.2 million. Alaska's capital is Juneau and its largest city is Anchorage.

The US territory is varied when it comes to natural landscape and consists of all kinds of geographical figures.

In the eastern part of the US, we find a coastal plain that includes the Florida peninsula and move to the central and western parts of the territory we find in the mountains.

To the east are the Appalachian Mountains, which span southern Canada to central Alabama. The highest peak of the mountain range is Mount Mitchell, with an altitude of 2,037 meters.

The center-east part is composed of the Great Sorrows, situated between the Mississippi River to the east and the Rocky Mountains to the west. It is an important agricultural reserve and, before this role was fulfilled, served as a grassy plain. The only most notable elevation found on the Great Plains is the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains.

In north-central Great Lakes can be found, consisting of a total of five lakes. The largest of the lakes is Lake Superior, with a total area of ​​82,103 km2 and extends across Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Ontario, followed by Lake Huron (59,570 km2).

The Missouri is the longest river in the United States, at 3,767 km, begins its course in the Rocky Mountains (Montana) and meets the Mississippi River in St. Louis. The second largest river is located in the center of the Great Plains and is the Mississippi River, with a total length of 3,544 km. It flows from the north of the continental US (Minnesota) to the southern state of Louisiana.

To the west we find the Rocky Mountains that extend from the north (Canada) to the south (New Mexico). The total length of the mountain range is 4,830 km and was formed about 70 million years ago. It has a maximum elevation of 4,400 meters represented by Mount Elbert and is home to Yellowstone National Park and Glacier National Park.

Alaska is separated from the 48 states by Canada and has the longest coastline compared to all other US states. Alaska is home to the largest elevation mountain in the United States, Mount McKinley (6,168 meters).

The southwest of the USA is made up of mountains, basins and desert lands, which is why the southwest of the USA has an arid terrain consisting of limestone and granite rocky mountains.

A total of five climatic regions can be found across the US based on the geographic features of those areas. To the southwest we find a desert climate, a dry climate that offers a high temperature, around 38 degrees during the summer. The opposite side of the southwest is dominated by a significantly cooler Mediterranean climate, around 25 degrees.

The south is dominated by a subtropical climate due to the influence of the Atlantic Ocean; This climate is represented by mild winters and hot, humid summers. This raises the temperature to 32 degrees in summer.

The central coast and the western plains have a temperate, humid continental climate. Temperate climates are represented by four distinct seasons, with hot summers and cold, snowy winters.

The Northwest USA has a temperate oceanic climate, dry in summer and humid and cool in winter. Summer averages are 26 degrees and in winter temperatures fall to -1 degrees.

The most densely populated areas of the US are cities that represent 81% of resident citizens. California and Texas are the most populous states and New York is the largest state with about 8 million inhabitants. The second largest city is Los Angeles with a population of 3,884,307.

The average density of the US territory is about 32.52 people per square km, making it the 180th country when considering population density.

A total of 72% of the population is made up of white Americans, followed by 12% of African Americans and about 5% of Asians, the remainder being Pacific Islanders, Alaskan natives or Native Americans and others.

An American man has an average life expectancy of 77 years, while women are up to 81 years old. An average of 2.5 immigrants per 1,000 Americans are present in the US. Of the total US population, 66 percent make up the adult population, while 14 percent are over 65 and 20 percent under 14.

There are four major parts when it comes to US resources; These are agriculture, forestry, drilling and mining. Agriculture enjoys a climate variation suitable for all types of plants and crops such as fruits, vegetables, cotton and tobacco. Crops can be found in northern Mexico and Texas.

Forestry is prevalent in the Pacific Northwest, the Gulf States, and the South Atlantic coast. Coal is the main mining product because the US owns a total of 27% of the world's coal reserves, the main area from which coal is extracted is located near the Appalachians. Drilling is done in the US Gulf and Arctic regions, and oil and gas are the predominant drilling products that make up the drilling industry.

Source by Arslan Ejaz