Martha Gellhorn Biography |

Martha Ellis Gellhorn, famous for Martha Gellhorn, was an American novelist, writer, and journalist. She was famous mainly because of her journalism skills and the desire to be a foreign reporter made her a global name. She was also referred to as a 20th century war correspondent and was the best at what she did. She had a keen interest in war stories and made sure to cover all war stories from around the world. His time as a war journalist lasted about 60 long years. In addition to being a global name for war journalism, she was also famous as the third wife of world-famous American novelist Ernest Hemingway. The marriage lasted about five years, but it undoubtedly brought highlight to her life. She had to face much criticism from people when she compared her writings with her husband's writings. She believed in bringing her voice into the world as she saw it and not copying her husband just because he was a famous novelist known for his beautiful writings.

Childhood and early life

• Martha was born November 8, 1908, the son of George Gellhorn and Edna Fischel Gellhorn in St. Louis, Missouri. His mother Edna Fischel Gellhorn was a suffragette and his father George Gellhorn was a gynecologist.

• She had two brothers who had great careers and excelled at what they did.

• Martha had a rebellious nature and did what she thought was right and these traits flowed through her genes where her mother was also a social activist and believes in letting people enjoy their rights.

• Martha graduated from John Burroughs School in 1926 and enrolled at Bryn Mawr College, but left mid-year in 1927 to pursue a promising career in journalism.

• She made sure that her articles were published worldwide and thus were published in the Republic of New York, and this continued until the year 1930.

• She understood the various messages the world transmitted to her and finally published her first publication called "What Mad Pursuit". in the year 1934.

• Later, he came to America to find a job with the Federal Emergency Relief Administration. During the "Great Depression" in America, she became the official reporter for the "Great Depression", where the government stored its captured content and official correspondence archives.


• She remained a war journalist of a rebellious nature. She was hired for "Collier's Weekly" where she reported Adolf Hitler, who recently became famous for his achievements.

• She covered the details and situations of World War II from countries such as Singapore, Burma, Finland, England and Hong Kong.

• Martha made sure she got to the bottom of the war situation and made sure no one caught her in the act while covering war stories. On June 6, 1944, she was the first woman to arrive in Normandy and also performed at the Dachau concentration camp after the camp relied on the independence of the Allied troops.

• She was later employed at the Atlantic Monthly, where she covered the Vietnam War and the problems between Arabs and Israeli citizens during the 1960s and 1970s.

• She soon realized that her body was giving up due to age because she was almost 70 and therefore could not rush to places and countries to cover stories of political conflict.

Major Works

• In addition to being a fierce journalist, Martha Gellhorn was a novelist and travel writer. She wrote down her experiences and the real emotions in the lives of pain-stricken people and published acclaimed books called & # 39; A Struck Field & # 39; in the year 1940, & # 39; The face of war & # 39; in the year 1959, "The lowest trees have Tops" in the year 1967, & # 39; Travel with myself and another & # 39; in the year 1978 and finally & # 39; The view from the ground & # 39; in the year 1988.

Awards and Achievements

• Being a world-famous war journalist during the time when women were not given much importance has changed the lives of many women. Martha Gellhorn became an inspiration to women, and years later, in 2007, the United States Postal Service announced a stamp honoring the best journalists of the twentieth century. There was an award announced in his name, where journalists from around the world were celebrated with an award each year for writing excellent English journalism content for newspapers or the Internet.

Personal life and legacy

• Martha Gellhorn had several love affairs, but found true love when she met Ernest Hemingway. She married him in the year 1940, but separated in the year 1945 with a divorce.

• She didn't like being compared to his writings and wanted to be an independent novelist, with a unique way of setting aside her thoughts.

• She had a second marriage to former Time Magazine managing editor named T.S. Matthews in the year 1954. She planned a quiet life with him by moving to London, but later divorced him after about 11 years.

• She adopted a baby in 1949, but soon had a sour relationship with him because she had other priorities.

• By the end of her life, Martha was almost blind, suffering from ovarian cancer and reportedly committing suicide and ending her life by swallowing cyanide.


• Martha Gellhorn was considered a sexually manipulative woman and did not involve physical relationships with her partners with her personal consent. She has also been described as 'conscious'.

Source by Nina Unger